A traumatic brain injury, also known as a TBI, is a serious health concern that can result from various incidents, such as car accidents, falls or sports injuries. The signs of a TBI may not always seem obvious right away.
Exploring common indicators of a TBI can help worried people after an accident.
Altered mental state
One of the signs of TBI is a changed mental state. This may show up as confusion, disorientation or an inability to concentrate. Individuals with a TBI could struggle to recall events or have difficulty processing information. Changes in cognitive abilities are often immediate following the injury and can persist over time.
Frequent headaches are another sign of a TBI. These headaches may differ from regular headaches in intensity and length of time.
Nausea and vomiting
A TBI can lead to symptoms like nausea and vomiting. These may arise shortly after the injury or appear delayed. If an individual displays these signs without an apparent cause, it is important to consider the possibility of finding additional medical help.
Changes in sleep patterns
Disruptions in sleep patterns, such as insomnia or increased drowsiness, can also be a sign of a TBI. The brain’s ability to regulate sleep-wake cycles may change, leading to difficulties falling asleep or staying awake during normal hours.
Traumatic brain injuries can heighten sensitivities to light and sound. Individuals may experience discomfort or pain from sources that previously did not cause such reactions.
Since around 1.7 million Americans suffer from a TBI, recognizing the signs of this problem is important for early intervention and proper care. Understanding what to look for can contribute to better outcomes for individuals who have experienced a TBI.